Retinal Glossary

  • Angiography
    • Imaging of the retinal blood vessels using dye and photography
  • Arterial occlusion
    • Blockage of incoming blood
  • Cataract
    • Discoloration of the natural lens
  • Choroidal Nevus
    • A freckle in the back of the eye beneath the retina that should be monitored at least yearly by your eye doctor
  • Diabetic retinopathy
    • Damage to retinal blood vessels from diabetes
  • Disc edema
    • Swelling of the optic nerve
  • Drusen
    • Collections of RPE by-products beneath the retina
  • Dry ARMD
    • Changes in the pigment layer of the macula leading to deterioration
  • Epiretinal membrane
    • Abnormal thickening of the surface of the macula at the interface with the vitreous gel
  • Glaucoma
    • Damage to the optic nerve from high eye pressure
  • Hard exudates
    • Lipid leakage from damaged retinal blood vessels
  • Hemorrhage
    • Bleeding
  • Ischemia
    • Loss of blood flow
  • Laser surgery
    • Repair of the retina or retinal blood vessels using light energy
  • Lattice degeneration
    • Thinning of the retina mimicking latticework
  • Macroaneurysm
    • Enlargement and out-pouching of an arterial wall
  • Macula
    • The central area of the retina necessary for fine detailed vision
  • Macular degeneration
    • Deterioration of the central retina leading to decreased vision
  • Macular edema
    • Swelling of the central area of the retina
  • Macular hole
    • A gap in the tissue at the central retina
  • Myopic degeneration
    • Retinal degeneration due to elongation of the eye
  • Neovascularization
    • Abnormal blood vessels
  • OCT
    • Laser imaging of the retina
  • Optic Nerve
    • The collection of fibers from the retina going back through the eye to the brain
  • Partial macular hole
    • A partial loss of tissue at the central retina
  • PED
    • Abnormal fluid or deposits beneath the RPE layer
  • Retina
    • The thin layer at the back of the eye that captures light to begin to create vision
  • Retina Detachment
    • Separation of the retina from the back of the eye wall that leads to vision loss
  • Retinal Tear
    • A break in the retina
  • Retinoschisis
    • Anatomic split with in the retinal layers
  • RPE
    • A specialized pigment layer beneath the retina that acts like the maintenance service for the retina
  • Scleritis
    • painful inflammation of the eye wall
  • Scleromalacia
    • Thinning of the eye wall
  • Subretinal fluid
    • Fluid beneath the retina
  • Subretinal fibrosis
    • Scarring beneath the retina
  • Uveitis
    • Inflammation of the eye
  • Vasculitis
    • Inflammation of the retinal blood vessels with disruption in blood flow
  • Vein occlusion
    • Blockage of blood out flow
  • Vitreous
    • The gel structure in the middle cavity of the eye
  • Vitreous Degeneration
    • A natural degenerative separation of the vitreous gel
  • Vitrectomy
    • Surgical procedure to remove the vitreous gel
  • Wet ARMD
    • Leaking abnormal blood vessels in the macula
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